News & Commentary

In 2000, the California legislature passed the Health Care Decisions Law which allows an individual to create an Advance Health Care Directive. This document is a type of power of attorney in which a person grants authority to another individual to act on their behalf in making health care decisions.

Read more: Advance Health Care Directives: The Quality of Life Saver →

Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell has represented scores of clients in unlawful detainer (eviction) proceedings. While we represent Landlords 95% of the time, we do occasionally represent qualified tenants. In doing so, we have been amazed how frequently plaintiff’s attorneys, property managers, and owners fail to understand how to properly compute the three day notice period in the context of a three day notice to pay or quit.

Not only is it embarrassing to face the judge and explain how you did not properly count to three, it is also time consuming and expensive. If you fail to correctly count to three, a defendant will simply file a Demurrer to the Complaint which the Court will sustain without leave to amend. This means you will have to dismiss the defendant, re-serve the three day notice, re-file and re-serve the complaint, and pay the filing and process server fees again. Ouch.

Read more: Eviction Notice – 3 Day Notice – How to Count to Three →

Who will care for your minor children in case something happens to you and your partner? Who will help them through their day, make sure they are safe and fed, and teach them to be good people and good citizens? Who will care for their financial needs and education? While many people assume that one person will fill all of these roles for their kids, the truth is that you may wish to choose multiple people to hold different responsibilities..

Read more: Guardians and Trustees- What’s the Difference? →

There are many misconceptions about the court proceeding known as probate. This article is intended to provide basic facts about this procedure and to correct the most common misconceptions.

Read more: A Primer On Probate: Clearing Up Common Misconceptions →

Most California construction attorneys know, or should know, that you need to “prove” you’re a licensed contractor in a construction case.

And, by “prove,” that means more than simply alleging in a pleading that you are a licensed contractor (that’s an allegation not proof) and it also means more than simply signing a declaration or testifying in court that you are a licensed contractor (while that is proof, it’s insufficient proof under the law).

What you need is a verified certificate of licensure issued by the California Contractor State License Board (“CSLB”). And if you don’t have one during trial, you’re out of luck, . . . until now.

Read more: Yes, Contractors Do Need Licenses... But Be Careful What You Allege In Pleadings →

Planning for the well-being of your family requires that you take into account the special circumstances or needs of each member. While one person has the training and ability to manage money well, others may not be so fortunate. Since every person is unique, the question is how you can best support each family member so that they are a success and are provided with comforts that you want them to have. How can you support them so that they continue to develop and achieve their goals?

Read more: Using Mediation in Estate Planning, Estate Management, and Elder Care →

Christopher C. Jones Joins the Law Firm of Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell

ChrisJones 250x250Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell LLP is pleased to announce that Chris Jones has joined the firm, effective July 1, 2015.

Chris Jones, a longtime resident of Santa Barbara, has practiced law since 1972. His philosophy of making law easy, understandable, clear and comfortable has helped him become one of the most well respected and knowledgeable Trusts and Estate Planning attorneys in Santa Barbara and on the Central Coast.

His areas of expertise include wills, estates, trusts and probate (including living trusts), tax planning, business succession planning, irrevocable trusts, advanced direction of health care, generation-skipping planning and avoidance of probate. Chris is a California State Bar certified specialist in estate planning, trust and probate law. He works with a variety of estate planning, investment, accounting and tax professionals, successfully and creatively assisting clients in developing and managing estates of unique, diverse size and content.

Read more: Chris Jones Joins Rogers Sheffield & Campbell →

A probate court in New York recently addressed an unusual will contest. An 82-year-old Roman Catholic nun died in 2012, leaving a surprisingly large estate worth over $2 million, the product of a 1982 personal injury settlement. The sister signed a will in 1994 dividing her estate among her siblings, her congregation and various other Catholic charities.

The congregation actually contested the will...

Read more: Is A Promise To Leave Your Estate To Someone Legally Enforceable? →

Planning for the well-being of your family requires that you take into account the special circumstances or needs of each member. While one person has the training and ability to manage money well, others may not be so fortunate. Since every person is unique, the question is how you can best support each family member so that they are a success and are provided with comforts that you want them to have. How can you support them so that they continue to develop and achieve their goals?

Read more: Well-Designed Trusts Support Your Family's Well Being →

Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell LLP of Santa Barbara is pleased to announce that Braden Leck and Daniel David have become partners of the firm and Bradley Hollister has become an associate attorney at the firm.

Read more: Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell Names New Partners, Associate Attorney →

Property values in Santa Barbara and on the Central Coast have, for the most part, recovered from the Great Recession. Property values are generally rising. For many families, primary residences, vacation homes and vacation rentals are their most valuable assets, and therefore worthy of some thought to protect and leverage them. There are good estate planning techniques available to take advantage of these properties. One of the more straightforward of these techniques is the use of a Qualified Personal Residence Trust, otherwise known as a "QPRT". Gifting a primary residence or a second home to a QPRT is a clear-cut way for grantors to significantly reduce the value of their taxable estate with minimal disruption to their daily lives, and to ultimately pass more assets along to their heirs.

Read more: Estate Planning: How Your Vacation Property Can Provide Savings →

"Until Death Do Us Part…Then Everything Can Change" is a new report from RBC Wealth Management that simplifies some of the challenges of estate planning faced by families when they transfer assets. The report gets pretty deep into the role of the surviving spouse in managing family wealth for future generations. 

Read more: The Golden Rule of Estate Planning: Your Spouse Comes First →

Proposition 8 (“Prop. 8”) requires California County Assessors to tax property based upon the lower of the base year value or the current market value of the property. The "base year value" is what the County Tax Assessor calls the property's purchase price. Property taxes typically only increase 2% per year over the base year value, but when a property’s value drops below the base year value, Prop 8. allows for temporary property tax reductions due to the lower value. 

Read more: Annual Reassessments Are Required By Prop 8, Are Assessors Ignoring The Law? →

In today’s online social media era, it is especially easy for professional litigants and scam artists to harvest useful content, masquerade as prospective tenants and victimize the landlord like targeted prey.  That is why it is absolutely essential landlords utilize a systemized approach to reduce the likelihood of selecting the scheming tenant who, inevitably, will be armed with powerful knowledge that fair housing laws are slanted heavily against property owners.  Such information, when combined with unwitting landlord missteps, may be leveraged into lucrative settlements.  Don’t be fooled.  Discrimination lawsuits are not confined to San Francisco, Berkley and Santa Monica.  If they have not emerged in your town, they will soon.

Read more: Smart Landlords Use Screening Criteria to Combat Discrimination Lawsuits →

TRAVIS C. LOGUE, a partner of Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell, LLP, is a featured speaker at the 11th annual Santa Barbara "Fundamentals of Landlord-Tenant Law" seminar put on by Sterling Education Services, Inc. Travis is a member of the State Bar of
California and the District of Columbia Bar, and is a licensed California real estate broker. He routinely represents landlords as well as buyers and sellers of office buildings, shopping centers, large vineyards and luxury residential properties. For Travis' complete biography, browse to his attorney profile.

Sterling Education Services provides in-community seminars on timely topics relevant to professionals, educators, businesses and more. Mr. Logue will be will be presenting on tenant screening.

Read more: Travis Logue Speaking at the Fundamentals of Landlord-Tenant Law Seminar Lawsuits →

On April 4, the State Water Resources Control Board gave a sober warning to more than 36,000 water rights holders across the state of California. Due to California's continuing drought and extremely low snowpack levels, their water rights are likely to be curtailed, and soon. This came right on the heels of Governor Brown announcing stricter urban water conservation requirements by Executive Order on April 1.

While the Governor’s Executive Order was directed at community water use, the warning by the Water Resources Control Board was to provide water rights holders in agriculture enough advance notice that they could make difficult spring planting decisions.

Read more: California Water Rights Curtailment Is Imminent →

In commercial real estate transactions, whether it’s a purchase or lease, letters of intent are ubiquitous. They appear absolutely harmless.  After all, they are non-binding and only a “tool” for future negotiation, right?. In fact, most letters of intent go out of the way to explicitly state that “it shall not be construed in any way to be legally binding” or that “your signature below merely means you are agreeing to this invitation to negotiate”.

Be careful about accepting this ostensibly harmless “invitation“.

Read more: Commercial Real Estate: Do Letters Of Intent Create Enforceable Contracts? →

Kickstarter has a tax help page on their website that states that funds raised on Kickstarter are generally considered income. Their website also says that recipients may be able to classify funds as "nontaxable gifts", with no additional guidance as to what qualifies as a gift.  So how do you know if the funds are income or gifts, and what are the tax implications? 

For creative entrepreneurs, a Kickstarter project is an alternative way to raise money. For those not familiar with the paradigm, it works like this: A Kickstarter Project Creator sets a funding goal and a deadline date for their project. If people like it, they can pledge money to the project. If the project does not raise enough money to meet the funding goal within the project deadline, everybody gets their money back. All or nothing. 

Read more: Kickstarter Funds Raised Are Taxable Income- Or Are They? →

"Death Taxes" generally refer to estate taxes. Estate taxes are any taxes applied to the transfer of a person’s assets at death. Taxable assets include personal property such as a house, cars, furniture or musical instruments, business assets like land, equipment and inventory, and investments like stocks, bonds and real estate.

President Obama proposed a change to estate tax policy in his January State of the Union address that was aimed at removing the step up basis at death provision. The proposed change would affect a lot of families and family-owned businesses, including many in Santa Barbara, Ventura and San Luis Obispo counties.

So what is the step up basis and what is its purpose? The step up at death basis works like this:

Read more: What are Death Taxes And What Does The POTUS Want Changed? →

President Obama recently called corporate tax inversions an "unpatriotic tax loophole".  The multi-national American corporations that are the beneficiaries of the loophole responded by saying that, if the U.S. had a lower corporate tax rate and a simpler tax code, fewer companies would pursue inversions. Although tax inversions have been around since the early 1980's, tax inversions have been in the news in 2014.

What, exactly, is a tax inversion? How much do tax inversions actually affect corporate taxes? Is the tax inversion loophole different than other tax loopholes? How soon are tax inversions going to be shut down by DC?  

Read more: Tax Inversions: An Unpatriotic Loophole Or An All-American Response to Overtaxation? →

All of us should be proud of the SBCBA's performance in 2014, and thankful for all of the volunteers that made it happen.

Financially, the SBCBA is in great shape, possibly its best financial condition ever. This year we were able to fund an investment account from which we hope, in the future, to make charitable donations to SBCBA-supported organizations. We were also able to make a donation to the Legal Aid Foundation, in its year of dire need. This year's CFO, Katy Graham, and Fiscal Committee member, Nathan Rogers, did a great job.

Read more: A Final Letter (Of Gratitude) From The SBCBA President In 2014 →

The Honorable Frank J. Ochoa is retiring, effective January 5, 2015. If we are lucky, he may come back from time to time to sit on assignment.

Born and raised in Long Beach, Judge Ochoa came to Santa Barbara initially as a student. Not surprisingly, he thought this community might be a good place for a career. After graduating from UCSB in 1972, with degrees in English and History, he attended the then-new UC Law School at Davis, graduating in 1975.

Read more: The Honorable Frank J. Ochoa Retires →

You may know somebody in the twilight of their life that has worked and saved and invested diligently over the decades, and is now reaping the rewards of that lifelong effort. This somebody may even be you. All the smart 65+ folks I know don't shut their brains off in retirement- if they are even retired. In fact most I know are still eager to find something new to succeed in.  For the Seniors that haven't invested in a while that want to get back in the game, though, there are a few things to keep in mind while considering new investment products that weren't relevant earlier in life.

Read more: For Seniors Looking For New Investments, Some Tips →

The Treasury Department has released figures showing that federal tax revenue exceeded $3 trillion in fiscal year 2014. This is a new record. There was a nearly $247 billion increase in revenue in fiscal year 2014 from 2013. There were two large tax increases passed in that time: the 2013 tax increases to offset the expiration of Bush-era tax cuts, and the tax hikes in the Affordable Care Act. The economy is still bumping along pretty slowly. Even in a slow economy, though, just a little bit of growth will equate to more tax revenue for the federal government...

Read more: Federal Tax Revenue Officially Above $3 Trillion for First Time Ever →

Ernst & Young (EY) recently released their 2014 outlook for global tax policy. As of the publication of this report, EY had surveyed 61 countries, including the United States. Just 10 countries out of the 61 surveyed had announced any reductions to statutory corporate income tax (CIT) rates for 2014. Based on the fragile nature of the world's recovery from the Great Recession, this isn't particularly surprising, no matter what your political leanings are. Something that got our attention, though, was the fact that there will be fewer changes to headline corporate, personal and indirect tax rates in 2014 compared with 2013 and 2012. Instead, more governments are putting legislative changes in place that will adjust and expand the tax base for 2014 and beyond, often at the net expense of taxpayers. Some other interesting notes from the report:

Read more: Brace For A Higher Tax Burden In 2014- Notes From Ernst & Young's Tax Policy Outlook →

Practice Areas And Regions Served

Rogers, Sheffield & Campbell, LLP primarily serves individuals, families and businesses up and down California's Central Coast and North Los Angeles County, including many Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, and Ventura County communities.

Our experienced legal team includes business lawyers, real estate lawyers, tax lawyers, estate planning lawyers and civil litigation lawyers. Our areas of legal practice expertise include Business Law, Entity Formation, Real Estate Law, Tax Law, Estate Planning, Wills, Trusts, Probate, Wine Law, Vineyard Law, Civil Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution.


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